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 My Small Engine Projects

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AllisKidD21
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Sun Jul 08, 2018 10:35 pm

Cool! I'd definitely love to see some more work on the "steamer" engine there, it's a pretty neat project.
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RichieRichOverdrive
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Sun Jul 08, 2018 11:04 pm

I wouldn't use tire tubes, they don't perform well for long around oil or especially gas. They expand and get eaten i believe. If you're gonna use rubber, find some neoprene. It'd be better to use a carboard box or actual gasket material though.
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MightyRaze
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Mon Jul 09, 2018 11:00 am

Very cool!

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MatthewD
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Mon Jul 09, 2018 12:10 pm

Thanks. I'll be sure to take some pics when I take it apart. Well seeing as the engine runs on compressed air and won't be in contact with gas or oil, rubber tube gasket should be ok. With regards to addressing the inefficiency, would I need to make the valves open less or more?
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Tue Jul 24, 2018 4:01 pm

Picked up this Zenith TCA-2 carburettor for a Suffolk 75cc engine a week or two ago. Seems to be in good condition, has all the adjuster screws and everything. Haven't stripped it apart yet though. One thing I did notice is the throttle butterfly is very loose and so I will have to find a way to fix that. I'm going to clean it out and put it on the green Suffolk that I couldn't get to run.

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RichieRichOverdrive
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Tue Jul 24, 2018 4:04 pm

Looks like a cool carb. You have access to a lathe dont you? You could drill it out and make some bushings to put in.
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MatthewD
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Tue Jul 24, 2018 4:09 pm

Yeah I do. Although the shaft doesn't seem to be loose, it's more the butterfly that is loose on the shaft. I'll see if I can take the throttle butterfly and shaft out and take a look at it.
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Crazy_Carl
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Tue Jul 24, 2018 5:29 pm

Hopfully the screws holding on the butterfly are just loose.
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Tue Jul 24, 2018 6:50 pm

That is what I was hoping. These engines are sure neat you got going on. I'm waiting for the day you power a mower with a steam engine!

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Progress:  ▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄
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Double W Cross Ranch
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Tue Jul 24, 2018 9:02 pm

Sweet man!
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MatthewD
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Wed Jul 25, 2018 2:16 pm

@Crazy_Carl wrote:
Hopfully the screws holding on the butterfly are just loose.
Yep, that's the hope.
@MightyRaze wrote:
That is what I was hoping.  These engines are sure neat you got going on.  I'm waiting for the day you power a mower with a steam engine!
Thanks! The biggest problem with a steam engine is the boiler, would probably need to tow a trailer with it on. 
@Double W Cross Ranch wrote:
Sweet man!
Thanks W.
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Mon Jul 30, 2018 5:34 pm

Picked this up a few weeks ago at a small engine show for £22.50. It's a 3hp (I think) Briggs an Alcon water pump. It was seized, fuel tank has holes in it and in quite bad condition so it might have been a bit expensive but I'd always wanted one of these Briggs' with the updraft carb instead of the suction type ontop of the tank.



Built in 1975. Anyone know what if I can identify this as a 3hp through the model/code number? I did google it and it does seem to be a 3hp but I'm not sure.

Took the air filter off, screw was bent and the filter was almost in dust.

Took the head off and cleaned it up. The piston was stuck up about 7/8 the way up the bore. Put some oil round the piston and hit it with a mallet and 1/2 socket extension. Freed up pretty quickly. It has a strange looking spark plug in it which was only screwed in a few threads so I think water got in there and seized it. The exhaust valve is stuck, and I can't free it. I've tried letting sit in oil and it doesn't move down if you hit it with a mallet and moves up if you turn the engine over fast. I'm going to take the valve cover off and see what's going on in there and maybe take the valve out and clean the stem. It has no spark so I tried to take the flywheel off to look at the points but ended up jamming a 24mm socket on there. I might just cut the wire going from the points to coil and put an electronic coil on there for now.

Tried to take the pump off the engine, but it's stuck on. I then took the cover off, breaking the two bottom ones off without knowing it. They're so rusted hopefully there will be easy to drill out and re tap. There was alot of dusty stuff in the pump, not sure if it was dirt from the water it last pumped or if it is aluminum corrosion. Just going to run the engine with the pump cover off for now until it runs good then I'll see about fixing the pump.
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AllisKidD21
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Mon Jul 30, 2018 5:47 pm

That's a pretty neat little engine. I've don't think I've seen one of the updraft carbs on a small Briggs like that, usually the diaphragm ones like you mentioned. Also yeah I'd see if you can take the valve right out and clean up the stem with a wire wheel or something. Hopefully it's not rusted bad enough that it won't come out.

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Crazy_Carl
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Mon Jul 30, 2018 7:22 pm

Defintely a prime candidate for a CDI conversion.

DO you have any use for a pump like that?
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Mon Jul 30, 2018 9:50 pm

For the air motor/steam motor, on the camshaft lobes for it to be efficient- You want the cam lobes to open the corresponding valves right at top dead center and at bottom dead center. They are not like regular engines where you have valve overlap. The valve overlap will rob the engine of power and efficiency. When the 2 valves are open on the overlap the air blows by the piston and goes right out the exhaust which creates a domino effect. More air or steam is used at lower rpm then at higher rpm but since you are loosing air then that means the motor is weaker.

The idea you are shooting for is- when the intake valve opens, the exhaust will be closed for no air loss, the incoming air fills the cylinder while pushing the piston to expand the cylinder. At the bottom of the crankshaft throw, when the piston reaches bottom dead center then the intake valve is completely closed and the exhaust valve is just starting to open to dump the pressure, then the piston moves up from momentum and exhausts the air, and at top dead center the exhaust valve is completely closed and the intake is just starting to open while the momentum of the crank pushes over top dead center of the piston to restart the cycles. And having the valves open late meaning the piston is past top dead center or bottom dead center, then the motor would be fighting itself to move also.

When you start thinking about the motor how I described it then you will see what will rob the motor power and what will add power and efficiency. For example, the momentum part would mean the motor would have an idle rpm to carry through to the next power stroke from the previous power stroke. And how the valve overlap from the gas motor camshaft will rob power by the air/steam bypassing the piston at top dead center and bottom dead center.
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Tue Jul 31, 2018 10:31 am

If you were trying to get the engine going on steam and the valves were in that position where each was open just a little I don't think it would start at all or efficiently.
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Tue Jul 31, 2018 6:51 pm

@AllisKidD21 wrote:
That's a pretty neat little engine. I've don't think I've seen one of the updraft carbs on a small Briggs like that, usually the diaphragm ones like you mentioned. Also yeah I'd see if you can take the valve right out and clean up the stem with a wire wheel or something. Hopefully it's not rusted bad enough that it won't come out.
Thanks. The updraft carbs are normally used on the bigger Briggs', 8hp and up. I'm also going to lap the valves after I get the exhaust valve unstuck. I'll clean the valve stem with sand paper or something.
@Crazy_Carl wrote:
Defintely a prime candidate for a CDI conversion.

DO you have any use for a pump like that?
What do you mean by CDI? I don't really, but I might be able to find something for it to do.
@prancstaman wrote:
For the air motor/steam motor, on the camshaft lobes for it to be efficient- You want the cam lobes to open the corresponding valves right at top dead center and at bottom dead center. They are not like regular engines where you have valve overlap. The valve overlap will rob the engine of power and efficiency. When the 2 valves are open on the overlap the air blows by the piston and goes right out the exhaust which creates a domino effect. More air or steam is used at lower rpm then at higher rpm but since you are loosing air then that means the motor is weaker.

The idea you are shooting for is- when the intake valve opens, the exhaust will be closed for no air loss, the incoming air fills the cylinder while pushing the piston to expand the cylinder. At the bottom of the crankshaft throw, when the piston reaches bottom dead center then the intake valve is completely closed and the exhaust valve is just starting to open to dump the pressure, then the piston moves up from momentum and exhausts the air, and at top dead center the exhaust valve is completely closed and the intake is just starting to open while the momentum of the crank pushes over top dead center of the piston to restart the cycles. And having the valves open late meaning the piston is past top dead center or bottom dead center, then the motor would be fighting itself to move also.

When you start thinking about the motor how I described it then you will see what will rob the motor power and what will add power and efficiency. For example, the momentum part would mean the motor would have an idle rpm to carry through to the next power stroke from the previous power stroke. And how the valve overlap from the gas motor camshaft will rob power by the air/steam bypassing the piston at top dead center and bottom dead center.
Thank you very much for the information. I plan on taking the air engine apart this weekend and adjust cam lobes. Unfortunately the design of this engine means you can't pull the cam in and out quickly to check how the valves are opening and closing like on most small engines, but I should be able to manage.
@Crazy_Carl wrote:
If you were trying to get the engine going on steam and the valves were in that position where each was open just a little I don't think it would start at all or efficiently.
To start it you need to have both valves closed. Then plug the air/steam in and away it goes. On one stroke both valves are closed at the same time, but on the other the intake is opening before the exhaust is closed so I think that's where I'm loosing power.
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Tue Jul 31, 2018 7:01 pm

By CDI I meant converting to an electronic ignition
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Tue Jul 31, 2018 7:09 pm

Ah yeah, that's what I plan on doing. I'm going to cut the wire going from the coil to points, and install an electronic coil I have laying around. Hopefully I'll get spark. I can always join the wire back up again once I find a deep socket to take the flywheel nut off and get the points cleaned out but for now it's electronic ignition. I got the socket off that I got stuck on the flywheel nut trying to get it off.
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Tue Jul 31, 2018 8:06 pm

I see how you are doing it, with the air/steam motor. Yah, not vary efficient using the original cam because of the power stroke creating drag. Need to mod the cam to change it from a 4 cycle to a 2 cycle cam. I seen people welding lobes on the cam but always looked lumpy and not so good. Maybe try drilling and tapping holes for those fillips head screws that are button shaped to make a cam lobe. Would probably need a couple screws per lobe. Not looking for high lift but just enough to open the valve would do it. If you know what I mean. Smile
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Wed Aug 01, 2018 3:34 pm

I have modified the cam by welding too extra lobes on it. Otherwise it wouldn't run on compressed air, it only turned over once or twice then stopped without modding the cam. I need to take it out and weld/grind the lobes to make them open/close the valves properly. The screw idea is cool, but would be hard to adjust to get the valve opening and closing at the right time.

So I cut the wire from the coil to the condensor, allowing for an electronic coil to be fitted.

Had an electronic coil from a 3.5hp Briggs. Put it on and set the gap and we have spark. Next thing to do is to get the valve unstuck and lapped.
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Thu Aug 02, 2018 3:05 pm

Removed the carb and gov. setup to look at it and to make room for me to get the valve cover off.


Cleaned it up and reassembled it. Didn't really do a thorough carb cleaning, just wanted to check the condition of it and clean the dust/oil off it. There was some rust in the bowl that I cleaned out. Also adjusted the mixture screws to 1 & 1/2 turns out. Once I get it running I'll take it apart and clean it out thoroughly.


Removed the valve cover and the exhaust valve spring was sitting slightly off the cap, not sure why.

Took out the valve, it was pretty rusty and the seat was quite bad. Took the rust off the stem by putting the end of it in the drill chuck and turning it round it some sand paper. Turned out pretty good, slides up and down nicely now.


Lapped the exhaust valve, not quite perfect but it should still run fine-ish.
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Thu Aug 02, 2018 10:48 pm

That valve was in rough shape.  Looks like it needs to see a valve grinding machine
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Sat Aug 04, 2018 8:57 pm

Yeah I did grind the valve but it's still not perfect.

Got the valve in

Assembled the head, put the carb and governor system back on. Also bolted the water pump back on.

Pretty neat throttle setup, you adjust the knob by threading it up and down the rod and lock it in to hold the engine at what rpm you want.


Leak testing the fuel tank Razz

Sanded where the holes were, any ideas on how to patch them up? I was thinking of trying to solder them, or use JB weld. I don't think welding them would work, because the steel is so thin and rusty.

Cap isn't that great either, but it sort of threads on and stays on so it should be fine.

Using the tank out of the Westwood I got it to run, after a lot of pulls. Burns quite a lot of oil, so I'm thinking the rings are bad. It still has the oil it came with though so I will change it and see what difference it makes. 

Removed the Honda engine and pump from the pressure washer I got because it was leaking so much oil onto the floor, and to use the frame for the Briggs and water pump. Frame was pretty oily and dirty so I had to clean it up.

I think there should be feet or something here to keep the back of the frame up a bit but they're gone so I'm going to make something up so the engine sits level.

Test fitting the engine and pump.

Briggs and pump bolted down. Runs a lot smoother on the frame compared to running it on the floor. Handle works well to hold the temporary fuel tank.
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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Sat Aug 04, 2018 10:44 pm

Nice work Matt! Soldering the holes in the tank would probably work I would think, be easier than welding it. Also about the oil burning maybe the rings just need to be freed up a bit since the engine sat so long. They might seat better after running for a while. I suppose there's a chance they could just be no good. lol!

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PostSubject: Re: My Small Engine Projects   Sun Aug 05, 2018 1:37 pm

Thanks! I did try to solder up some of the holes in the tank, but only one stopped leaking. It takes quite a while to do but I think it will work if I go over them again. Yeah the rings could be seized, when the engine is cold there is reasonable compression but when it's been running for a while there isn't very much compression.
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